Parents can apply for sole custody or joint custody (or Shared Parenting) with the court. The court uses the best interests test to determine what type of custody it will award. The court, at its discretion, uses Various Factors for Determining What Type of Visitation is in the best interest of the child.
The biological father needs to prove paternity
in order to establish visitation rights with the child.
In order to determine parental rights, proof of parentage needs to be proven to the court. With the mother, there is a presumption of parentage. With the father, the court presumes he is the father if the child was born during the marriage, there was a written acknowledgement of parentage on the birth certificate, or if there is proof of genetic testing that is not rebutted.